In 1965, in the proclamation of Vatican Council II: Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, it was emphasized that a large proportion of the world’s population is still struggling in hardship caused by disaster and poverty. To promote world justice and a Christian concern and brotherly love for the poor and afflicted, it was urged that a world organization be set up to assist in the development of the poorer nations. It is most timely that such a world body be formed. (Section 90) Two years later, Pope Paul VI officially proclaimed the institution of the Pontifical Commission for Justice and Peace. In 1977, the Justice and Peace Commission of Hong Kong Catholic Diocese was officially established.